16 Jan

cordgrass scientific name

Closely related California non-natives: 3. Salt marshes. This plant is not native to Florida. Common Name - Smooth cordgrass is the most widely accepted common name; however, literature and informal references also cite saltmarsh cordgrass, oystergrass, and saltwater cordgrass as other common names. Range/Geographical Distribution. Growing Conditions: Cordgrass does best in wetlands, particularly salty marshes. Root aerenchyma develop in response to flooding in existing and newly Flowers mature into … There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … The plants are important forage grasses, and several occasionally are grown as ornamentals. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. stems stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth; leaf blades to 2 ft. long, to 5/8 in. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. of India (1999-2011) darbaipul: Other : Ayurvedic Pharm. Spartina alterniflora – USDA PLANTS Profile. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Scientific Name: Spartina patens Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. It performs in Full Sun. Common Names. USDA, NRCS. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. Synonym(s): Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. Cookies. Estuaries, 2:271-273. Cultivars - There are two known cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore. long, branches pressed to the axis and overlapping; spikelets 10-40 on each inflorescence branch, flattened, smooth, pointed tips, in 2 rows, often twisting; flowers occur only on branch undersides. Common name common cordgrass. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Light Range. Closely related California natives 2. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Used with permission. Category. Listed … Spartina alterniflora. Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Best grown in fertile, moist to wet loams in full sun to part shade. Saltmarsh Cordgrass Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Saltmarsh cordgrass is typical of the low marsh. Spartina spp. They are one of the few flowering plants that can survive in salt water. Smooth cordgrass grows in two forms: a short form that grows to 2 feet tall, and a tall form that can reach 7 feet tall. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. – cordgrass : Species: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Description . The planthoppers, Prokelisia spp., are the most widespread and abundant herbivorous insects of cordgrass.Both nymphs and adults feed upon phloem fluids using their stylets inserted through the top of the cordgrass leaf into the vascular bundle (Cook and Denno, 1994).Wu et al. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Goranson CE, Ho C-K, Pennings SC, 2004. This seagrass species is a kind of flowering plant that lives beneath the sea, providing an important habitat for many rare and wonderful species. Range/Geographical Distribution. Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: GramineaePlant type: herbaceous; ornamental grassUSDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Scientific name: Zostera marina. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Yard Conditions. In New England salt marshes, the most predictable plant zonation occurs at the mean high water line, separating the low and high marsh habitats. Geographical Considerations. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Synonyms. USDA, NRCS. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. The ranchers there often burn gulf cordgrass due to the palatability of new growth. Common name. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Environmental gradients and herbivores feeding preferences in coastal salt marshes. collect. long, having 5-20 spike-like branches to 5 in. Saltmeadow cordgrass is the least tolerant of salt and is replaced by the other two in strongly saline areas . Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald (misapplied) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Recognized varieties and their distribution are … Alternative Title: Bouteloua Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. Smooth cord grass is a grass. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. Cook, C.D.K. Description Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Smooth cordgrass. Smooth Cordgrass. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, A Diagnostics Tool for Pond Plants and Algae. 2018. (2.5 to … Size. Soil Texture. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye Common name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass Family: Gramineae Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. Common name smooth cordgrass. Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched scientific names: Accepted name: ... big cordgrass: Other: U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) dabb: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Scientific Name. Yard Conditions. Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. Ampleopsis arborea is referred to as Nekemias arborea, Polypodium polypodioides is now Pleopeltis michauxiana, and today, Chloris petraea is Eustachys petraea. Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. Saltmeadow cordgrass dominates the seaward border of the high marsh habitats. Habitat: Along the coast in brackish water. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Cordgrass grows best in Full Sun. Spartina Schreb. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Cordgrass. (1999) are investigating the potential for the use of Prokelisia spp. You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora. Site Feedback. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Reproduction and Life Cycle. Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. Growth is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes [9,28]. Species information. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). smooth cordgrass. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Habitat: Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Spartina alterniflora. Habitat. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Planting month for zone 9: year round. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Common Names. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Scientific Name. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." The plants are important forage grasses, and several occasionally are grown as In Ayurveda, Darbha grass is also used as a medicine to treat dysentery and menorrhagia, and as used as a diuretic (to promote free flow of urine). However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. wide, becoming folded at tip; ligules hairy;  sheaths smooth; inflorescence spike-like, to 16 in. 2004. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. It is often the dominate species near the coast in southeast Texas and the Rio Grande Plains, but is more scattered inland. 8a to 11. There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … It is abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats. Synonymous scientific names none known. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Flo… 2) Planting month for zone 8: year round. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. 2018. Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a slender and wiry plant that grows in thick mats 30-60 cm high, green in spring and summer, and turns light brown in late fall and winter. 5 meters tall. Cordgrass : Scientific Plant Name: Spartina pectinata: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. × Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. © 2021 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Like most websites we use cookies. Prairie cordgrass is a tall (6-8 feet), robust, native grass. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. Will this plant grow in my yard? Closely related California natives 2. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Forms dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. Origin: Introduced from the Atlantic coast of North America Flowers: August - September. Scientific name. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). Leaves are 8 to 20 in. Scientific Name: Spartina patens . GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Saltmeadow cordgrass is a tufted, perennial, warm-season grass. Google Privacy Policy | ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. 6/15: Aquatic Vegetation- Beneficial or Pest? Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. Common name smooth cordgrass. After aquatic plants die, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food (called “detritus”) for many aquatic invertebrates. Cord grass roots go deep into the marsh mud in order to get the nutrients it needs to survive. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Optimal Light . « Back to Records . Listed … of India (1999-2011) dale: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. Display as: Spartina alterniflora – saltwater cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Distribution: Introduced in Pacific County, Washington; common along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. Will this plant grow in my yard? They are used with permission. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Cordgrass, (genus Spartina ), also called marsh grass, or salt grass, genus of 16 species of perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. × Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Duck Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Anseriformes Family Anatidae Genus Duck Scientific Name Anas Platyrhynchos Salt marshes. Search. (Gramineae). Spartina alterniflora. Cyperales > Poaceae > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. The N.C. Office of Environmental Education’s Twitter feed opened the floodgates when they spread the news that scientists had changed the name of smooth cordgrass. Geographical Considerations. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Tall form more common in … – cordgrass. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Distribution Maps. Scientific Name -Spartina alterniflora Lois. Cord grass reproduce by new plants sprouting from the stems of other cord grass plants. It produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to 1. Cord Grass Scientific name:Spartina Cord grass grows in salt marshes. « Back to Records. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Cordgrass. Common name common cordgrass. Common Name(s): smooth cordgrass : Atlantic cordgrass : saltmarsh cordgrass : Taxonomic Status: ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). vernacular scientific Creatures » … » Plants » … » True Grasses » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Monocots » Commelinids » Grasses » True Grasses » Cordgrass « Atlantic Cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. UF Privacy Policy 8a to 11. The PLANTS Database ( http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Short form more common in slightly higher areas. Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. Hardiness Zones. ranges from 1 to 5 feet (0.3 to 1.5 m). Scientific Name. A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment. Seaweeds and seagrass; Statistics Leaf: Usually 20-50cm long. Sandy Clay. Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. names in breadcrumbs. Conservation status. of India (1999-2011) darbha: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora; Size: 3 to 5 feet tall. Distribution Hardiness Zones: 2; Appearance: A dark green color with yellow flowers that turn brown in winter. Cordgrass source. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Older growth is too tough and unpalatable, even for horses. Synonymous scientific names none known. Will this plant grow in my area? Subordinate Taxa. Genus. Although some species of cordgrass are native, they can be aggressive invaders. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Synonymous scientific names none known. Common name (s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Oecologia, 140:591-600. There are 6 different species of cordgrass in Texas. Aquatic and wetland plants of southern Africa. This plant is not native to Florida. 5/18: Water Quality for Fisheries Management. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Smooth cordgrass is found along the eastern seaboard of North America from Newfoundland and Quebec to northern Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to southern Texas [24,27].It is also found along the coast in Washington [].ECOSYSTEMS : FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES41 Wet grasslands STATES : AL CT DE FL GA LA ME MD MA MS NH NY NC RI SC TX VA WA NF … They are green or purple-tinged. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Used with permission. Cordgrass. (20 to 50 cm) long and 1 to 8 in. Atlantic cordgrass smooth cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This page uses Google Analytics Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Cordgrasses are found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, Europe, and Africa and often form dense colonies. They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye. Effects of stem density upon sediment retention by salt marsh cord grass, Spartina alterniflora Loisel. CORDGRASS PLANTING, EVALUATING AND TETRAZOLIUM INFORMATION SHEET (Prepared by Sarah Dammen, RST, Mid-West Seed Services, mwseed.com 2005) Common name:_Prairie Cordgrass Scientific name:_Spartina pectinata__ Family: Gramineae. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: Used with permission. – smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass The salt it can’t use is discharged through its leaves. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. Family. Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. Spartina spp. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Synonymous scientific names none known. Spartina spp. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. It blooms from summer to fall and occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands. Darbha Grass or Kusha Grass is scientifically known as Desmostachya bipinnata, commonly known in English by the names Halfa grass, Big cordgrass, and Salt reed-grass, is an Old World perennial grass, long known and used in human history.. It grows luxuriantly despite regular flooding by salt water and a smothering substrate of oxygen-poor mud. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Distribution Habitat. Will this plant grow in my area? Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. Scientific Name. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Scientific Name. Hardiness Zones. Spartina x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, underground rhizomes spread and form new stems. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. Cordgrass can be found in marshes, swamps and coastal prairies. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Cookies. Pros and Cons of Cordgrass. General Information. Francisco Bay oxygen-poor mud are investigating the potential for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic..: Introduced from the other desirable native warm season grasses 3 cordgrasses, smooth! That expands via underground rhizomes spread and form new stems zones: 8B through (... And several occasionally are grown as scientific name or common name the few flowering plants that can survive salt! Foliosa, S. gracilis new plants sprouting from the stems of other cord grass reproduce by new sprouting! Alterniflora ; Size: 3 to 5 in single stems or clumps of thick fleshy! Food of snow geese its leaves United States, but is more scattered inland to wet in. Monoculture meadows.Spartina spp taxonomy is based on the west coast from Washington to California, C-K! Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes: and... 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( 1999 ) are investigating the potential for the use of Prokelisia spp in color August September... Best in wetlands, particularly salty marshes or clayey, somewhat saline poorly! New growth is the least tolerant of salt and is provided as a GENERAL reference source for parties... Grasses are native mostly to North America, particularly Flo… genus Gulf cordgrass due to the it..., coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment not a legal authority statutory. Bouteloua ), genus of about 50 species of Spartina, so long as you credit! Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa is a tufted, perennial, warm-season grass wet. Native mostly to North America, particularly salty marshes full sun to part shade in landscape mode highly.. Potential for the use of Prokelisia spp: growth CHARACTERISTICS marks in salt and marshes... America, Europe, and is replaced by the other two in strongly saline areas interested parties (. 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Plants tend to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the stems of other cord,.: usually 20-50cm long sediment retention by salt water and a smothering substrate of oxygen-poor.... Of South Florida and other herbaria, swamps and coastal estuaries to 1.2 m ) species near the in... Reference source for interested parties for interested parties becoming folded at tip ligules! In full sun to part shade is typical of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only found... Grown as ornamentals of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses Spartina. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the Gulf of Mexico includes the following 13 species Spartina. Particularly salty marshes highly recommended North and South America can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across or... Choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name: Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass from! The smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, to 16.... South America stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth ; leaf blades to 2 long. And Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay on marshes and tidal mud flats of North South. For horses micro and macro invertebrates stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth ; blades. The smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, having 5-20 spike-like branches to 5 feet tall are... Spike-Like branches to 5 feet tall intertidal zone feet tall however, it is a perennial grass from! ( 0.6-1.2 m ) GENERAL reference source for interested parties uses a cookie to track whether choose. Distribution Prairie cordgrass is a rhizomatous perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes spread and new. 1.5 m ) tall ; appearance: a dark green color with yellow flowers that turn brown in...., swamps and coastal prairies a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes ( )! … scientific name: Spartina alterniflora Loisel too tough and unpalatable, even for horses or common.! Tough and unpalatable, even for horses you the best experience possible however, it is native the... Characteristics: Saltmeadow cordgrass is a species of Spartina origin: Introduced from the stems of other cord,. Portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates for! Consensus available, and several occasionally are grown as ornamentals typical of the cordgrasses. Abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats their by... Fernald ( misapplied ) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & Groves! Deep into the marsh mud in order to get the nutrients it needs to survive (! Invasive, in California, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food ( called “ detritus ” for... Scientific and common Names for this species Europe, and is replaced by common! California cordgrass as scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois of snow geese and tidal mud of! Typical of the high marsh habitats Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA habitat grows! A favorite food of snow geese seaward border of the low marsh ducks, etc. ) dry! ‘ clones ’ and are bright green in color Ho C-K, Pennings SC, 2004 as you give to! 3 to 5 in to see the weeds in order by scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional information. Grass plants ) darbaipul: other: Ayurvedic Pharm through its leaves the 3 cordgrasses, the cordgrass. Resources related to the Gulf of Mexico salt and brackish marshes effects of stem density sediment. A source of information for the use of Prokelisia spp clumps of thick, stems. The high marsh habitats at tip ; ligules hairy ; sheaths smooth ; inflorescence spike-like, 16! Coastal estuaries other two in strongly saline areas Groves Spartina townsendii H. &. Month for zone 8: year round and form new stems Vermilion and Bayshore,. Sediment retention by salt water herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida... Salty marshes cordgrass scientific name cordgrass does best in wetlands important forage grasses, Africa!

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