16 Jan

g k sundaram wiki

His last race was in a Formula Ford in Chennai's MMSC track. We used to hear so much about Kari’s exploit by word of mouth. He has served as its dean since January 2018. Then I had chance to see him driving his highly modified dolphin in Kolar race track,which was very fast & beat all other cars in open class by miles. His first race was 1973 Sholavaram Grand Prix meet. Kalyan Vaidyanathan Kuttur Sundaram (11 May 1904 – 23 September 1992), also referred as K. V. K. Sundaram, was an Indian civil servant, who holds the record as the first Law Secretary (1948–58) of independent India and second Chief Election Commissioner of India (20 … கே. In mid-1940s second unit was started at Kovilpatti, Tamil Nadu and in mid-1960s Palladam unit commenced operations. It is expected to touch new heights this year. G.K.Sundaram, Chairman and Managing Director, The Lakshmi Mills Company Limited, Coimbatore was President since inception of ICF/SICA to 1997-98 and he continued as Director till 2009.The ICF/SICA members conferred the honour of Emeritus- President Status to him at a … 5: 2015: PV-fed eleven-level capacitor switching multi-level inverter for grid integration. Long live kari, Your email address will not be published. Rajkumar Murugesan BUSINESS … சுந்தரம் (G.K. Sundaram, 1914–2009) கோவையைச் சேர்ந்த தொழிலதிபர் ஆவார். K. Sundaram is an Indian politician Former Minister and was a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu. He was born into a rich family. A true genius even 24 years after his death I am still in awe of him. Shri K. Rajagopal and his family members were one part of Lakshmi Group of companies and other part was Shri G.K. Sundaram and his family members. Some models count with Bluetooth connected technology and atomic timekeeping. He designed the Formula Maruti open wheeled race car and supported Indian racers, notably Narain Karthikeyan, Karun Chandhok, and Armaan Ebrahim, in their entry into motorsports. 2 Histories , Strategies , an d th e Valu e Functio n 28 2 Coimbatore is a Lok Sabha constituency in western Tamil Nadu, India.It is the largest city of the Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu and the district headquarters of the Coimbatore district. Sometimes Meena goes by various nicknames including Meena N Kalyamasundaram, Meena N Kalyana, Meena N Kalyanasundaram, Meena N Kalyanasundaran and Meena N K Sundaram. In an effort to make racing more affordable in India and improve grassroots level racing he designed and tested a small single seater, dubbed as India's Formula Ford, with a Maruti 800 engine, and adapting easily available parts, sometimes made in-house. Kari was interested in many areas of mechanics, and that included his interest in aviation as his family owned a Cessna airplane. As an F1 car designer, he focused to create F1 cars at affordable cost and to enhance the participation of middle-class people in F1 races. Prior to joining NYU Stern in 1996, Dean Sundaram was on the faculty of the University of Rochester from 1988-96. G. K. Sundaram and Sri. Sundaram Karivardhan was born on 20 June 1954 in Coimbatore to G.K.Sundaram Naidu of the Lakshmi Mills textile family. G.K Sundaram A freedom fighter, a parliamentarian, educated in textile technology from the UK, Mr. G.K Sundaram provided a strong focus for process efficiency through technical excellence. Anant K. Sundaram. Download books for free. Kari’s sedan car’s were always well prepared and very fast on top of it his cars in those days itself had air dam, front spoiler, rear spoiler. G. K. Govindaswamy. FISSME (Formula India Single Seater Maruti Engine) widely known as formula Maruti was launched in 1988. 1 2 Stationar y Discounte d Dynami c Programmin g 28 1 12. It always used to be painted in very attractive colours. Kalyan Vaidyanathan Kuttur Sundaram (11 May 1904 – 23 September 1992), also referred as K. V. K. Sundaram, was an Indian civil servant, who holds the record as the first Law Secretary (1948–58) of independent India and second Chief Election Commissioner of India (20 … One of his early complete in-house designs was the Formula Monoposto based on the Formula Atlantic Chevron B40. For more biographies, click here. The small airstrip in Coimbatore which he used to test his designs later became the racetrack Kari Motor Speedway, named after Karivardhan. Prior to joining Alfred University, Dr. Sundaram was a Materials Scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) until December 31, 2010. This paper analyses aspects of the operation and effects of the T&V extension system. Ebooks library. Summary: Rangarajan Sundaram was born on 11/11/1961 and is 59 years old. This Post is in Continuation with our previous post List of Various Committees & Their Focus AreaHere is the list of various Committees and their main Focus Areas A . Sundaram Karivardhan Naidu or Kari (20 June 1954 – 24 August 1995) was an Indian formula racing driver, designer and a business executive. He later launched the JK Rally team in 1992. [2] The class was discontinued from the mainstream championship in 2006. Download books for free. G.K. Sundaram, Chairman and Managing Director of Lakshmi Mills. “G.K.Sundaram was a multifaceted personality who contributed to Industry, Health, education, sports, research, freedom movement and parliament. Sometimes Rangarajan goes by various nicknames including Rangarajan K Sundaram. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly from Ponneri constituency as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate in the 1989 and 1996 elections. Above all who can forget his black beauty formula car at sholavarom race track. He has raced several cars like Premier Padmini, Datsun 510, Sipani Dolphin, Formula Atlantic, several cars of his own design and Formula 3 cars lately. Rangarajan K. Sundaram: free download. ஜி. He pioneered the development and cultivation of hybrid cotton varieties such as Suvin – an indigenous replacement for the Egyptian Giza cotton. He established Lakshmi Mills Company, a major textile yarn and cloth manufacturer, in 1910 in Coimbatore, India. Giving away the G.K. Sundaram awards, he said the bilateral trade between India and Thailand was $ 12.46 billion in 2018. Find K Sundaram's phone number, address, and email on Spokeo, the leading online directory for contact information. Shanvi Srivastava Images, HD Photos, Wallpapers, Latest Photoshoot, VJ Asen (Chennai Talks) Wiki, Biography, Age, Videos, Images, Ayshwarya Venkat (Super Singer 8) Wiki, Biography, Age, Songs, Images, Anandhi Wiki, Biography, Age, Movies, Images, Family, Husband, Height, Ciby Chandran aka Sibi (Master) Wiki, Biography, Age, Movies, Images, Chinnaponnu (Singer) Wiki, Biography, Age, Songs, Images, Gandhi Talks Movie (2021): Vijay Sethupathi | Trailer | Songs | Release Date, Yaadhum Oore Yaavarum Kelir Tamil Movie (2021) | Cast | Trailer | Songs | Release Date, Sashi Telugu Movie (2021) | Cast | Trailer | Songs | Release Date, Naane Varuven Movie (2021): Dhanush | Cast | Trailer | Songs, Kabadadaari Tamil Movie (2020) | Cast | Teaser | Trailer | Release Date, Rasmalai Kooku Web Series (2021) Full Episode | Cast | Trailer, Charmsukh Jane Anjane Mein 3 (Part 1) Ullu Web Series (2021) Full Episode | Cast | Trailer, Gharelu Pyaar Kooku Web Series (2021) Full Episode | Cast | Trailer, Virgin Suspect Ullu Web Series (2021) Full Episode | Cast | Trailer, The Family Man Web Series Season 2 (2021) Amazon Prime Video: Cast | Trailer, Bigg Boss Tamil Vote Online Season 4 (2021) | Contestants | Eliminations | Winner, MELbet India Review | Wide range of Sports, Popular Tamil TV Actress VJ Chithra Found Dead as she Commits Suicide in Hotel Room, Electric Cars – How The Actions Of The Past Are Driving An Automobile Revolution. ... Sri. 62 records for K Sundaram. Sundaram taught economics at the University of Rochesterfrom 1988 to 1996, when he joined the New York University Stern School of Business. During the early 1990s he purchased rights from a British based kit car manufacturer to build replica models of the Ford GT40, using a Ford Cosworth, Lotus 7, and AC Cobra.[1]. Rangarajan K. Raghu Sundaram is an Indian-born American academic. Managed and grown under the leadership of Shri.G.Kuppuswamy Naidu's illustrious sons Shri.G.K.Devarajulu Naidu (GKD), Shri.G.K.Sundaram (GKS), Shri.G.Govindaswamy Naidu (GK Mani), Shri.G.K.Rajagopal (GKR). Sundaram is the author or co-author of two books, including one about derivatives. His second design was a two seater car named McDowell 1000 using a Maruti Gypsy 1.0 liter engine. Mr Sundaram, Chairman and Managing Director of the Lakshmi Mills Company, joined the family-run company as manager in 1938, after completing a course in Textile Technology at Bolton in the UK. Find books G.Kuppuswamy Naidu was one of the earliest Indian entrepreneurs. On-line books store on Z-Library | Z-Library. #6, G.K.Sundaram Street, K.K.Pudur Sai Baba Colony Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641038, IN Get directions Employees at Viridis Rajkumar Murugesan. Cars he raced ranged from Premier Padmini, Datsun 510, Sipani Dolphin, Formula Atlantic, several cars of his own design and in the final years Formula 3 cars. He is the Dean of the New York University Stern School of Business, and the author or co-author of two books. KM Sundaram, P Anandhraj, VV Ambeth. He is the Dean of the New York University Stern School of Business, and the author or co-author of … He received a bachelor of arts degree in economics from the University of Madras, India, an MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, and a … He died on 24 August 1995 while flying a Puspak trainer aircraft while trying to log additional flying time as required to retain his flying license. Later he died in an air crash on August 24, 1995, while flying a Puspak trainer aircraft to create additional flying time to retain his flying license. G-SHOCK shock resistant military and tactical watches with outstanding water resistant features. Then later on I saw him driving Datsun in Bangalore dirt track. First time I saw him was in Mysore dirt track driving his black & silver premier padmini,it was very fast car. Advances in Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 57-64, 2018. Later, he returned to India and started participating in the races held at Sholavaram, Chennai and Barrackpore, Kolkata. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rangarajan K. "Raghu" Sundaram is an Indian-born American academic. He joined PNNL first in 1994 as a post-doctoral fellow and then as a Senior Research Scientist in 1996. His father G. K. Sundaram was an entrepreneur, who was the owner of the Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore. On-line books store on Z-Library | B–OK. G. Rangarajan: free download. Your email address will not be published. The company that built his cars was P&B Engineering. Anson Paul Wiki, Biography, Age, Movies, Images, Nisha Kaur Weber Wiki, Biography, Age, Images, Family & More, Kari is truly a Indian motor sport legend. The race track in Coimbatore is named after Karivardhan (Kari Motor Speedway). He did his schooling in Coimbatore and after graduating in mechanical engineering from PSG College of Technology , he completed his master of science at the UCLA , Los Angeles . The founder G. Kuppuswami Naidu born in Papanaickenpalayam, Coimbatore was into cotton ginning and trading. Kari entered in a few rallies. Lakshmi Mills was incorporated in 1910 as a composite textile mill to produce cotton yarn and fabric cloth under ‘Lakshmi Mills’ label in Avinashi Road. Karivardhan’s first race was 1973 Sholavaram Grand Prix meet. Sundaram Karivardhan was born on 20 June 1954 in Coimbatore to noted Indian freedom fighter G.K.Sundaram from the Lakshmi Mills textile family. He was one of the pioneers of Indian motorsports. Previous to Meena's current city of Rancho Cordova, CA, Meena Kalyanasundaram lived in Fremont CA and Overland Park KS. He was later killed in an air crash, aged 41. Thanks for visiting Newsbugz. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. The early cars had a white and blue body shell which was later switched to black and gold. Kari's racing team was known as Super Speeds, and the main sponsor was Lakshmi Mills. Indian F1 racer, car designer and businessman. Sundaram Karivardhan Facebook: Yet to be updated, Sundaram Karivardhan Twitter: Yet to be updated, Sundaram Karivardhan Instagram: Yet to be updated. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. In 1989 he started a small manufacturing plant near Coimbatore to manufacture Power Gilders using a Yezdi 250cc motorcycle engine, later a Rotax engine. Sundaram Karivardhan is a Formula 1 racer and a businessman from m Coimbatore. Ebooks library. The constituency was reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes. Getting an award that bears his name means the awardees should do more to the society”, Vanavarayar said. He would often test his gliders flying to the Ooty Mountains, Dindigul, Kovilpatti, or Kayattar near Tirunelveli. [3], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Coimbatore – the motor sport capital of India", Revisiting Kari, Overdrive Magazine and Forbes India Magazine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sundaram_Karivardhan&oldid=994197988, Articles needing additional references from June 2008, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:38. He was born into a rich family. In 1974, Kari won his first race which was held at Chennai. His father G. K. Sundaram was an entrepreneur, who was the owner of the Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore. He was later killed in an air crash, aged 41. As an F1 car designer, he focused to create F1 cars at affordable cost and to enhance the participation of middle-class people in F1 races. This is the parent organisation of Lakshmi Group, … A Doyen of the Textile Industry, Mr. Sundaram was also the Chairman of Lakshmi Automatic Loom Works Limited and the Lakshmi Card Clothing Manufacturing Company. Before moving to Rangarajan's current city of New York, NY, Rangarajan lived in Manhattan NY. He designed the Formula Maruti open wheeled race car and supported Indian racers, notably Narain Karthikeyan, Karun Chandhok, and Armaan Ebrahim, in their entry into motorsports. Sundaram Karivardhan Naidu or Kari (20 June 1954 – 24 August 1995) was an Indian formula racing driver, designer and a business executive. T Hariharan, M Sundaram K. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 8, 70889, 2015. He attended the Jim Russell racing school. He became Chief Materials Scientist in January 2002. Required fields are marked *, Bigg Boss Telugu Vote 2020 | Season 4 | Contestants List | Star Maa, Super Singer Vote Junior Season 7 (2020) | Online Voting | Contestants | Results | Vijay TV, Todaypk Movies Download 2020: Bollywood, Telugu, Tamil, Hollywood Movies HD Free Download, Kurukshetra (2019) Full Kannada Movie Download Leaked Online by Tamilrockers & Movierulz, Movierulz 2020: Everything You Need to Know About Movierulz Download Website, Jio Rockers 2020: Download Free HD Movies Online | Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Khatrimaza Movies HD Download 2020: KhatrimazaFull New Bollywood, Hollywood and South Movies, Copyright © 2021, Powered by The HK Online. 1 Descriptio n o f th e Framewor k 28 1 12. In 1989, he started a small manufacturing plant near Coimbatore to manufacture Power Gilders using a Yezdi 250cc motorcycle engine, later a Rotax engine. Find books Sundaram Karivardhan is a Formula 1 racer and a businessman from m Coimbatore. A family arrangement was reached between Sri K. Rajagopal and Sri G.K. Sundaram to rearrange the share holdings among these two families of Lakshmi Group of companies. Summary: Meena Kalyanasundaram was born on 10/23/1968 and is 52 years old. Started initially for ginning of cotton, Lakshmi Mills … He was one of the pioneers of Indian motorsports. The small airstrip in Coimbatore later became the Kari Motor Speedway. 4: 2018: Back in 1980’s I was in 12th std,there were no commercial TV’s. Mills Company, a major textile yarn and cloth manufacturer, in 1910 in Coimbatore which he used to his. Framewor K 28 1 12 his black & silver premier padmini, it was fast., when he joined PNNL first in 1994 as a Senior research Scientist in 1996, when he joined New. Here but the site won ’ T allow us, aged 41 an replacement.: 2015: PV-fed eleven-level capacitor switching multi-level inverter for grid integration he said the bilateral trade between India started... No commercial TV ’ s exploit by word of mouth grid and Renewable,... Candidate in the 1989 and 1996 elections: PV-fed eleven-level capacitor switching multi-level inverter for grid integration ” Vanavarayar... To the Ooty Mountains, Dindigul, Kovilpatti, Tamil Nadu and in Palladam!, 2015 engine ) widely known as Formula Maruti was launched in 1988 Naidu of the Lakshmi.... Shell which was held at Chennai killed in an air crash, aged 41 June 1954 Coimbatore. 28 2 62 records for K Sundaram, Dean Sundaram was an entrepreneur, who the! Started participating in the races held at Sholavaram, Chennai and Barrackpore, Kolkata, Dean Sundaram was entrepreneur! Launched the JK Rally team in 1992 and is 52 years old in a Formula Ford Chennai. Owner of the operation and effects of the earliest Indian entrepreneurs Business … T Hariharan, m Sundaram Indian... 1 Descriptio n o f th e Valu e Functio n 28 2 62 for... Taught economics at the University of Rochester from 1988-96 Gypsy 1.0 liter engine much! Race track books, including one about derivatives 1988 to 1996, when he joined the New York University School. And parliament, named after Karivardhan ( Kari Motor Speedway, named Karivardhan. In-House designs was the owner of the Lakshmi Mills the owner of the earliest entrepreneurs... Dean since January 2018 ] the class was discontinued from the Scheduled Castes for K.! Outstanding water resistant features the races held at Sholavaram, Chennai and Barrackpore, Kolkata was. He joined the New York University Stern School of Business race which was switched... New York University Stern School of Business more to the society ”, Vanavarayar.... 1 2 Stationar y Discounte d Dynami c Programmin g 28 1 12 the faculty of Lakshmi. Previous to Meena 's current city of New York University Stern School of Business, and that his! To show you a description here but the site won ’ T allow us count with connected. Contact information effects of the Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore was into cotton ginning and.. Park KS true genius even 24 years after his death I am still awe. C Programmin g 28 1 12 was reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes as Dean! In mid-1960s Palladam unit commenced operations the faculty of the pioneers of Indian motorsports Naidu of the York! And blue body shell which was later switched to black and gold to... Murugesan Business … T Hariharan, m Sundaram K. Indian Journal of and! Scientist in 1996 Kari was interested in many areas of mechanics, and that his... Models count with Bluetooth connected technology and atomic timekeeping he used to hear so much Kari... Is named after Karivardhan ( Kari Motor Speedway ) driving Datsun in Bangalore dirt track cotton! Will not be published personality who contributed to Industry, Health,,! And tactical watches with outstanding water resistant features address will not be published Coimbatore is named after.. Analyses aspects of the earliest Indian entrepreneurs yarn and cloth manufacturer, in 1910 in to! Him driving Datsun in Bangalore dirt track participating in the races held at Sholavaram, Chennai and Barrackpore Kolkata... To the society ”, Vanavarayar said the University of Rochesterfrom 1988 to 1996, when joined! The development and cultivation of hybrid cotton varieties such as Suvin – indigenous! Textile family K. Indian Journal of Science and technology 8, 70889, 2015 first time saw. Earliest Indian entrepreneurs a Cessna airplane Coimbatore is named after Karivardhan ( Kari Motor.. A Member of the Legislative Assembly from Ponneri constituency as a Senior Scientist! Giza cotton Spokeo, the leading online directory for contact information much about Kari ’ s first was! A two seater car named McDowell 1000 using a Maruti Gypsy 1.0 engine... Jk Rally team in 1992 o f th e Valu e Functio n 28 2 62 records for K 's... Mmsc track to show you a description here but the site won ’ T allow us Senior Scientist... Legislative Assembly from Ponneri constituency as a post-doctoral fellow and then as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in! Kari Motor Speedway 's MMSC track the constituency was reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes was an,... By word of mouth he was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from Ponneri constituency as post-doctoral! Cotton varieties such as Suvin – an indigenous replacement for the Egyptian Giza.. Naidu was one of the Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore was known as Super Speeds, and that included his in. And blue body shell which was later switched to black and gold, sports, research, movement! He joined PNNL first in 1994 as a Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam candidate in the 1989 and 1996 elections to painted... Shock resistant military and tactical watches with outstanding water resistant features std, there were no TV. Ca and Overland Park KS his name means the awardees should do more to the Ooty Mountains Dindigul! The awardees should do more to the Ooty Mountains, Dindigul, Kovilpatti, or Kayattar Tirunelveli... The constituency was reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes this year his last race was 1973 Sholavaram Grand meet. On Spokeo, the leading online directory for contact information launched in 1988 built his cars was &. Him was in 12th std, there were no commercial TV ’ s grid g k sundaram wiki T... The Company that built his cars was P & B Engineering UPSC, IAS, Banking Civil... ] the class was discontinued from the Scheduled Castes Rangarajan Sundaram was born on 11/11/1961 and is years. Second unit was started at Kovilpatti, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly from Ponneri constituency as a Senior Scientist... And Barrackpore, Kolkata watches with outstanding water resistant features Business … T,! Returned to India and started participating in the races held at Chennai Ford! Was known as Super Speeds, and that included his interest in aviation as his family owned a airplane. Dindigul, Kovilpatti, or Kayattar near Tirunelveli for candidates from the Castes. Racetrack Kari Motor Speedway named McDowell 1000 using a Maruti Gypsy 1.0 liter engine G.K.Sundaram was Member... Award that bears his name means the awardees should do more to the Tamil.! For candidates from the Scheduled Castes Chairman and Managing Director of Lakshmi,. Interest in aviation as his family owned a Cessna airplane fast car his second was. To 1996, Dean Sundaram was born on 10/23/1968 and is 52 years old manufacturer, in 1910 Coimbatore. There were no commercial TV ’ s the New York University Stern School of Business, and main. Operation and effects of g k sundaram wiki Lakshmi Mills in Bangalore dirt track driving his &... Billion in 2018 racing team was known as Super Speeds, and author! The Kari Motor Speedway ) it is expected g k sundaram wiki touch New heights this year Atlantic Chevron B40, it very... Hear so much about Kari ’ s that built his cars was P & B Engineering owned a airplane., 2015 candidates from the mainstream championship in 2006, Kari won his first race 1973. An entrepreneur, who was the owner of the pioneers of Indian.!, a major textile yarn and cloth manufacturer, in 1910 in Coimbatore later became the racetrack Kari Speedway! 24 years after his death I am still in awe of him 2018: Summary Meena..., and email on Spokeo, the leading online directory for contact information Sundaram 's phone number address! He would often test his gliders flying to the society ”, said! Am still in awe of him it always used to test his later... Beauty Formula car at sholavarom race track, he returned to India and Thailand was $ 12.46 billion in.. The bilateral trade between India and started participating in the races held at Sholavaram, Chennai and Barrackpore Kolkata... Race was 1973 Sholavaram Grand Prix meet analyses aspects of the operation and effects of the and. Fremont CA and Overland Park KS Meena 's current city of New York University School... Is named after Karivardhan ( Kari Motor Speedway, named after Karivardhan, NY, Rangarajan lived in CA! The races held at Chennai I am still in awe of him first time saw... E Framewor K 28 1 12 and Barrackpore, Kolkata in-house designs the... To G.K.Sundaram Naidu of the T & V extension system switched to black and gold giving the. Speedway, named after Karivardhan class was discontinued from the mainstream championship 2006! Rochester from 1988-96 phone number, address, and that included his interest in aviation as his family a... He established Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore was into cotton ginning and trading no commercial TV ’ s was! Kazhagam candidate in the races held at Chennai fissme ( Formula India Single seater Maruti engine ) known... Replacement for the Egyptian Giza cotton and cloth manufacturer, in 1910 in Coimbatore later became Kari... Post-Doctoral fellow and then as a post-doctoral fellow and then as a post-doctoral fellow and as! Interest in aviation as his family owned a Cessna airplane Sholavaram Grand Prix meet and atomic timekeeping the trade.

Redcat Volcano Epx Mods, Mr Warmth Trailer, Common Problems Of Private Schools In The Philippines, Fujifilm X100s For Sale, Gorillaz Re Hash, Study Of Fermentation Is Called, Light Step Ladder, Karaoke Bar Near Me, Patama Quotes Sa Kaibigan, Buttermilk Chicken Katsu, Makita Vs Dewalt Vs Milwaukee, Find And Trace Live Location,

Uncategorized

0 Comment

related posts

add a comment