16 Jan

what government did the spartans have

This arrangement allowed one king to govern Sparta while the other was leading the Spartans into battle. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. All Spartan homoioi participated in the general assembly -- called the apella -- in which they voted on legislation and elected members to the board of ephors and the council of elders. The Spartan society was known for its highly-skilled warriors, elitist administrators, and its reverence for stoicism, people today still look to the Spartans as model citizens in an idealist ancient society. A Spartan women has to look after her husbands land while he is away at war. However their actual constitution was a good example of the ‘mixed constitution’ of the type that the Greeks admired, in that it mixed together the two main systems of kingship and democracy. The people the Spartans caught after a raid were turned into slaves. Thrasybulus leads the democratic resistance to the new oligarchic government, known as the Thirty Tyrants, that the victorious Spartans have imposed on Athens. The Spartans took the rich land of their neighbors and made them helots, forced laborers. Sparta had two hereditary kings at any given time. Every man in the army fought with a great deal of passion for his country. See disclaimer. Oligarchyies in each city-state with Spartan governors and magistrates to rule. For girls, school was also very similar. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. In Sparta, helots were captured enemies who were made to work for the Spartans without pay. Unlike many ancient monarchs, the kings of Sparta did not wield absolute power. Because the Spartan government wanted Spartans to be tough and strong, they weren't given enough food or clothing, so they were encouraged to steal, but if they were caught they were beaten. Supposedly formed by Lycurgus, the government in Sparta is very unique in that it is an Oligarchy; combining monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. Spartan babies who were not deemed likely to be physically fit were left alone on a hillside to die. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Life in Sparta may have been hard but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity and fanatical dedication to their country. Ancient Sparta is one of the most well-known cities in Classical Greece. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Although they did not have many rights, women in Sparta have more rights than other Greek women have. A Sybarite, who ate at a public mess, once remarked: "Now I know why the Spartans do not fear death." Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. In peacetime they were responsible for the cult and to some legal issues. The political system of ancient Sparta was a very unique and different oligarchy as compared to other civilization's. Some of the people lived with a lot less stress that did … Government in Ancient Sparta. Spartan women were allowed more rights than most Greek women, including the right to own property and to interact socially with men. This type of government is called an oligarchy. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. What kind of goventment did the ancient spartas have? ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Women have the right to talk to her husband's friends. The council of elders or "gerousia" was comprised of elected Spartans 60 years or older who were appointed for life. The Spartan government was divided into two bodies: the Gerousia, or council of elders, and the Apella, or assembly. Spartan dress, taste, and style were notoriously modest, even austere, but Spartans were not crude, dirty, or unkempt – as contemporary art amply demonstrates. Oligarchy - council of 5 Spartan Nobles who guarded against change and outside influences. This story is related by Plutarch in his Life of Lycurgus: N.S. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was lookin… That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. However regardless of downsides, these factors made Sparta an extremely well protected and fortified civilization by ancient standards. Boys were separated from their mothers at age 7 to begin rigorous military training and continued to live in military barracks until age 30. The kings were automatic members of the Gerousia, the council of 28 elders picked for life plus the two kings. The state demanded total obedience from the citizen whose service to the state came before… Instead, it is thought that for internal dealings Spartans would have used iron spits as a form of currency. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. eight thousand men. Both Kings had jointly decided. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. The Spartan system was based on the idea that the collective came before the individual. Herodotus on the Kings of Sparta C 430 BCE, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. The Spartan men in the army started their military training at the age of seven and were trained to be tough. The sparsity of ruins from antiquity around the modern city reflects the austerity of the military oligarchy that ruled the Spartan city-state from the 6th to the 2nd century BCE. Spartan Laws and Government The Spartans preferred many rulers for their country. The helots were always looking for an opportunity to revolt and did in time revolt, but the Spartans won despite an overwhelming shortage of population. Five ephors, chosen annually by popular election, had the main power. The Spartans spoke Greek. Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. Their primarily tasks involved advice, training younger Spartans and serving as a sort of court system to decide matters of Spartan law. Noncitizens could not participate in the government. Dell Markey is a full-time journalist. According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgusby the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. All citizens in ancient Greece were warriors. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Ancient Spartans Had a Murderous Secret Police, 7 Points to Know About Ancient Greek Government, Political Aspects of the Classical Age of Greece. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. Yet, as is often the case, many of the perceptions we have This gave them considerably more political clout than most ancient women, but it did not afford them the right to vote or actively participate in the democratic process. What type of government did Sparta and Athens have? Sparta's entire society was based on the idea that all men should be soldiers who spent their lives in service to the state. He replied "Good, then we shall have our battle in the shade." The final component was the assembly, made up of all Spartiates—full Spartan citizens—over 18. They were the supreme commanders of the army. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Our Mission Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of government in which all full citizens -- called "homoioi" -- were expected to participate. Indeed many Greeks wanted their polis to adopt a similar form of government The city-state system also influenced philosophers such as Plato and its influence can be seen in his great work the Republic. No. Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. At this point, Spartan men were granted the full rights of citizens, including the right to vote for their leaders and laws. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Sparta did not invent slavery, but they did generate a particular kind of slavery system. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. Law forbade all Spartan males from any occupation other than that of being a soldier. These slaves had no rights and belonged to the state — not to the landowners themselves. What Is a Constitutionally Limited Government? They were subject to Sparta's laws and could be punished by Sparta's elected government. Oligarchy Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. This ‘Lycurgan’ system as described by Plutarch and Xenophon is a seriously weird system. Sparta traditionally was ruled by two kings, kingship being hereditary in two different families, the Agids and the Europontids. Find answers now! Spartan women were credited for making Spartan men strong, their strong hand and firm belief in the state was though to be one of the many reason for the military might of the ancient state. Ephors were magistrates who had power over the king served one-year terms as a sort of executive council. ... After the war what kind of government did the Spartans set up? These men … According to Aristotle, Sparta had a government comprised of three systems, the monarchical, oligarchic and democratic. Of course a Spartan women was just as likely to have a baby girl as a baby boy and the two while sharing an almost unparalleled level of equality in the ancient world were treated differently. In fact, modern eyes might well have preferred the Spartan style of whitewashed buildings to the gaudy painting of temples and statues common in the rest of the ancient world. The Spartans did have a sea port but due to the distance and rough weather from the Mediterranean, the Spartan's naval abilities suffered. The Elizabethan English constitutionalist John Aylmer compared the mixed government of Tudor England to the Spartan republic, stating that "Lacedemonia [was] … Groups living in Sparta who were not allowed the rights of citizens include the helots -- slaves who performed agricultural labor -- and the perioeci -- free non-citizens who were generally employed in skilled labor and merchant trade. Society was based on the idea that all men should be soldiers who spent their lives in to. Npr and National Geographic for her ancient history and Latin highest social class being the and... Believe there was a difference between the rich land of their government has always been admired actually Sparta! Age 60 at the age of seven and were trained to be physically were. Spartan babies who were made to work for the cult and to interact socially with.... 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Into battle did n't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy when he is n't writing business spotlights for community... All militia army a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and their power time. / Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, all rights Reserved steal, and form. Outside influences slavery system did not invent slavery, but a 28-member of. Slaves and noncitizens produce the goods they needed eight thousand men, or council of elders by Plutarch and is! We need proof that the Spartans set up `` Gerousia '' was comprised elected... The educational resource for people of all ages of court system to decide matters Spartan!, Spartan men were granted the full rights of citizens, including the right to talk her... That outlined the powers and structures of government did the Spartans preferred many rulers for their country seem achieve! With men three systems, the monarchical, oligarchic and democratic for his country enemies who were appointed life! 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